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  • Home >> Freeware >> Beginner’s Guide to FTP

    Beginner’s Guide to FTP

    This is a guest post by Cathy Pierce. If you would like to write for NiharsWorld, check our guest posting guidelines.


    File transfer protocol (FTP) is the process that transfers information from one location to another via the Internet. For most basic users, FTP transfers coded web pages to website servers. If you aren’t familiar with the process, read the following information.

    Start With an FTP Client

    Before you can start transferring files, you need an FTP client. This is the user interface you use to locate the files you want to upload or download. You have several options when it comes to your FTP client, but you may want to consider FileZilla. As a free and open source program, it can handle your transfer needs without emptying your bank account. The user interface is basic enough that a beginner can understand the functions without needing an in-depth tutorial; however, you can find several guides online if you want help.
    Beginner's Guide to FTP

    Know the Basic Information

    Downloading an FTP program is just the first step. Once you have the program in place and running, you need to provide information so the program can set up a secure account to transfer your files. Usually, your web-hosting firm will provide the information you need. Most basic FTP programs will need the following things:

    • The Profile Name: This is a unique name that allows you to recognize the FTP software.
    • The Host Name: This tells the FTP client what server to connect to for transfers. Most hosts use a host name similar to your domain name. For example, the FTP host name for BusinessTips.com might be ftp.businesstips.com. For added security, some hosts will use the IP address.
    • Login Information: This usually consists of a user name and password. You may have created both of these when you signed up with your host, or the host may have assigned the information automatically.

    Usually, this information will be enough to establish the connection between the two computers, but some programs may have additional set-up options.

    Transferring Files

    Once you setup the FTP client, you can connect to your server. Then, locate the files on one side of the FTP client and transfer them to the other side. Each side will represent one of the computers that the client is connecting via the Internet. FTP clients may have different features designed to improve or speed up the file transferring process. Once you become familiar with your FTP client’s user interface, you can begin to explore these advanced features.

    Advanced Options

    Once you understand how an FTP client works, you may decide that you want to establish an FTP server. Clients can logon to your server and download files you have added to the server’s directory. Most people who decide to do this use a third-party program to help set up the server so it will require users to enter login information prior to accessing any files you have saved to it.

    Most FTP clients aim to handle the back end of file transferring so you can easily accomplish your goal of moving information from one computer to another. The more familiar you become with FTP, the easier it will be to use the program for a variety of purposes.

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